Drinking water that’s fresh, clean, and clear is something many of us take for granted. While we might not give it a second thought, says Green Water Technologies, between the source and the tap a lot happens to make our water fit to drink. The water may come from Mother Nature, but it’s far from pristine. Drinking water contains different amounts of dissolved inorganic and organic compounds. Small amounts of bacteria and minerals can also be found in water, according to Green Water Technologies. Chlorination and filtration control bacteria growth.
Our drinking water comes from different sources across the country. In rural areas, water is often pumped directly from underground wells. Other sources of potable (drinkable) water include rivers, lakes, and streams.
Water that has been inadequately treated may contain nitrate, lead, coliform, viruses, yeast, and other illness-causing substances. Sitting or stagnant water may also contain parasites or insect larva.
In the United States, according to the team of experts at Green Water Technologies, water from all municipal sources is required to pass certain quality assurance inspections. However, these sources are subject to standards that vary from state to state.
According to Green Water Technologies, bottled water is no safer than tap water. In fact, some bottled waters differ from tap water merely by being distributed in bottles rather than through pipes. There is an absence of standards regulating bottled water. In fact, there are more standards regulating tap water than those applied to the bottled water industry.
While unconditioned water is not specifically dangerous to our health, it may have an unpleasant taste, making it less desirable for human consumption, notes Green Water Technologies. Additionally, in the home unconditioned water can stick to the surfaces of water pipes and cause all sorts of problems with appliances that use water.